Bologna Connect

Review by Ariana Meyers

 

For another few weeks, until March 26, Palazzo Albergati is holding an exhibit displaying the works of renowned Mexican artist Frida Kahlo. The exhibit is part of the Gelman collection: Arte Messicana del XX Secolo.

Frida is known for her self-portraits, and has been recognized as a spokesperson for feminism and Mexican culture.

In some museums, it is possible to enjoy the art without reading the descriptions that accompany them. However, in this exhibit, I definitely recommend reading all of the descriptions and timelines that accompany the paintings, which are written in both English and Italian. The descriptions transformed the experience into much more than just an art exhibit, it was an opportunity to learn more about Frida Kahlo’s life, and the context in which she lived and worked. What was most fascinating for me, however, were the timelines of Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo’s lives. The timelines allow viewers to contextualize the artworks, and provided a deeper understanding of the artists themselves.

The first floor displayed the artworks of Diego Rivera, Frida Kahlo’s husband and fellow artist, in the context of the 1930s and 40s. Diego Rivera and many of his contemporaries were very involved in politics and activism, and their art represented that. The exhibit gave an insight into the political climate of the time, and the ways in which art can influence and criticize that climate.

The first floor also touched on the tumultuous relationship between Frida and Diego, including many images and videos of the couple. Frida and Diego’s relationship impacted both of their lives as artists, and their legacies are intertwined.  One of her most famous quotes that she wrote in her diary is: “There have been two great accidents in my life. One was the train [that injured her], and the other was Diego. Diego was by far the worst.”

The main event, however, is upstairs, where the walls are lined with Frida Kahlo’s famous self-portraits. It is curated to follow the evolution of her life, as outlined by a timeline at the beginning of the exhibit. Frida was plagued with many health problems throughout her life, including polio as a child, and a terrible accident when she was 18 years old that would affect her life and her art. Her illnesses and injuries isolated her, which is perhaps why many of her paintings are self-portraits. What was most striking about her work was her frankness in discussing her various health problems in her art. One of her most famous paintings Viva la Vida, is considered to be a reflection of Frida’s personal frustrations with her infertility.

Along with the art, throughout the exhibit are images of Frida and Diego and their families. It was very striking to see an image of the real person in their natural setting, exhibited next to their work.

Coming from California, Frida Kahlo was a prominent figure that we learned about in art class in elementary school. For us students, there was a certain pride because she lived and worked in California for so long. Even more exciting, was that some of her work was displayed in San Francisco, not far from my house. When I was young, and wanting to be an artist, she was an inspiration for me, as she is for many female artists. Seeing this exhibit in Italy was another moment of pride for me. It shows how widespread her influence is, and how, although her art was very personal, it was able to cross borders and touch people from all different backgrounds.

There are only a few weeks left of this exhibit, so I recommend checking it out!

Tickets and information can be found at: http://www.palazzoalbergati.com/mostra-arte-messicana-frida-kahlo-diego-rivera-bologna/

 

Review by Ariana Meyers

In collaboration with the association Bologna Connect, Mary Tolaro Noyes will be presenting her book: Bologna Reflections: an uncommon guide, Sunday February 12th at 2:00pm, at the Italian Cultural Society of Sacramento. American by birth but with Sicilian roots, Mary Tolaro Noyes visited Bologna for the first time in 1994 to learn Italian. From that moment on she became immediately fascinated by the medieval city that would continue to attract her in the following years, despite her return to America.

A long standing love, consequently, that still lasts till this day is what brought her to write Bologna Reflection, an out of the ordinary guide as noted in the subheading and subsequently Gathering Chestnuts. Infact, in her books Mary tells the story of her Bologna, the one that intrigued and enchanted her so much that till this day she still returns often for long periods.

Mary Tolaro Noyes guides us on an imaginary journey to the discovery of stories, traditions, and particularities that all make the capital Emiliano so special. Lifelong friendships are not the only way to creates bridges in the world, because through her writing Mary is able to engage her readers and continues to cultivate her experiences during her visits in a place that she considers her second home.

Today Mary lives in San Francisco where she is a Bologna Connect ambassador. Through the Bolognese association she is commited to promoting Bologna and Emilia Romagna in America and throughout the world.

( Translated by Isabella Brown)

 

要做千层面,有三样食材必不可少:肉酱、白色奶油调味酱、绿色面皮。这三样材料决定了千层面的质量。把这三种食材交织叠在一起,千层面就做好啦!没有时间的朋友们可以在进口超市买到已经做好的肉酱和面皮,虽然口感会差一点,但是也绝对比外面买到的千层面好吃哦!

肉酱配料:

300克 瘦的小牛肉糜

150克 咸猪腹肉(如果买不到,可用培根代替)

50克 胡萝卜

半根 芹菜茎

50克 洋葱

50克 番茄酱

五勺 浓缩番茄酱

半杯 红酒

一杯 肉汤

肉酱做法:

1. 将切成丁的咸猪腹肉放在平底锅里煎至透明。

2. 放入切好的蔬菜与咸猪腹肉混合。

3. 快烧干的时候加入肉糜,炒至棕色。加入半杯红酒,倒入一点肉

汤与浓缩番茄酱混合,煮大约2小时,加入盐和黑胡椒。

*有人会加入一些奶油以至于减轻一些番茄的红色。

*做多的肉酱可以放在密封的玻璃瓶中保存,想吃的时候从冰箱里拿

出来加热后拌到煮好的意大利面中。

绿色面皮配料:

600g 低筋面粉

6个 鸡蛋

100g 新鲜的煮过切碎且水分吸干的菠菜

面皮做法:

1. 烧一锅热水,加适量盐

2. 将面粉放置于砧板上,堆成四周高中间低的形状,在中间打入鸡

蛋。

3. 轻轻的搅拌,然后一点点加入切得很碎的菠菜。开始揉面

4. 揉面至面团光滑且圆润。

5. 将面团擀成大约15X10厘米的矩形,或者稍微比烤盘小一点的矩

形。将它们放入水里煮,直到浮出水面。

6. 将它们快速在冷水中浸一下,然后用一块干净的白色棉布或者麻

布吸干上面的水。

白色奶油调味酱配料:

500g 牛奶

40g 黄油

40g 面粉

盐和白胡椒

肉豆蔻适量

奶油做法:

1.在火上将黄油融化。

2. 关火,将其放入用筛子筛过的面粉中,搅拌均匀。

3. 放在火上搅拌2-3分钟。

4.关火,加入烧开的牛奶。

5.搅拌并且加入盐和胡椒,然后加入肉豆蔻。

6.开火继续搅拌2-3分钟,微微煮沸后立刻关火

千层面配料:

(6-8人份)

1公斤 博洛尼亚肉酱

500克 磨碎的帕尔米加诺干奶酪

黄油适量

千层面做法:

1. 将黄油抹在烤盘底部(一个大约25X35厘米的矩形,高约6厘米),然后在上面撒上几勺肉酱和白色奶油调味酱。

2. 在上面盖上一块矩形面皮然后在上面浇上一层薄薄的白色奶油调味酱和充足的肉酱,撒上小块黄油和磨碎的马尔米加诺干奶酪(所有的都均匀的铺在同一层最好)。

3. 继续这样至少铺6层,最后用一块面皮封顶,上面撒上少许肉酱、一点白色奶油调味酱、一些黄油块和磨碎的帕尔米加诺碎屑。

4. 最后在烤盘的四角放上黄油块,放置在预热过得烤箱里,用180度火烤大约25-30分钟。

5. 最后我们要确保每一层的面皮都是完好的,肉酱足够多但是不过量,每层上面附有一层薄薄的白色奶油调味酱。

6. 放置5分钟后食用。